Click On Globe To View Forum Visitors From Around The World

General information about the Site

This snuff bottle community forum is dedicated to the novice, more experienced, and expert collectors. Topics are intended to cover all aspects and types of bottle collecting. To include trials, tribulations, identifying, researching, and much more.

Photobucket

Among other things, donations help keep the forum free from Google type advertisements, and also make it possible to purchases additional photo hosting MB space.

Forum Bottle in the Spotlight

Rube shared this really nice Yan Yutian bottle


Chinese Snuff Bottle Discussion Forum 中國鼻煙壺討論論壇
December 13, 2018, 02:08:14 pm
Welcome, Guest. Please login or register.

Login with username, password and session length
 
  Home Help Search Contact Login Register  

Master HongYi - 弘一法师

Pages: [1]
  Print  
Author Topic: Master HongYi - 弘一法师  (Read 241 times)
AntPeople
Private Boards
Hero Member
***
Gender: Male
Posts: 864



WWW
« on: January 01, 2017, 10:10:41 am »

Hi All :

Havent been posting any article for a long time..... Though I will post a series of bottle drawn based on the life journey of a legendary Master...... Master HongYi, for everyone to read on the 1st day of 2017



Hong Yi (1880–1942; Chinese: 弘一; pinyin: Hóngyī), born Li Shutong (李叔同) was a Chinese Buddhist monk, artist and art teacher. He also went by the names Wen Tao, Guang Hou, and Shu Tong, but was most commonly known by his Buddhist name, Hong Yi. He was a master painter, musician, dramatist, calligrapher, seal cutter, poet, and Buddhist monk.


Life

He was born in Tianjin to a banking family originating in Hongdong County, Shanxi, that migrated to Tianjin in the Ming Dynasty, though his mother was from Pinghu, Zhejiang province.[1]

In 1898 Li moved to Shanghai and joined the "Shanghai Painting and Calligraphy Association", and the "Shanghai Scholarly Society" while he was attending the Nanyang Public School (later became Jiaotong University). In 1905 Li went to Japan to study at Tokyo School of Fine Art in Ueno Park where he specialized in Western painting and music, and met a lover by the name of Yukiko who was to become his concubine.[2][3] In 1910 Li returned to China and was appointed to Tianjin's Beiyang Advanced Industry School. The next year he was appointed as a music teacher in a girls' school in Shanghai. He went to Hangzhou in 1912 and became a lecturer in the Zhejiang Secondary Normal College (now Hangzhou Normal University). He taught not only Western painting and music but also art history. By 1915 Jiang Qian hired him as a teacher at Nanjing Higher Normal School (renamed in 1949 to Nanjing University), where he taught painting and music. He also taught at Zhejiang Secondary Normal School (浙江兩級師範學堂), the predecessor of the famous Hangzhou High School.

During these later years, Li's reputation grew, as he became the first Chinese educator to use nude models in his painting classes, not to mention as the first teacher of Western music in China. Some of the students, like Singapore artist Chen Wen Hsi (陳文希)whom he personally groomed, went on to become accomplished masters of the arts in their later days. Li Shutong himself was also an accomplished composer and lyricist. Many of his compositions are still remembered and performed today.

In 1916, Li underwent a 21-day fast at a temple in Hangzhou, and experienced the benefit of a spiritual life. The following year, he took refuge in the Three Jewels of Buddhism. After spending another year there, Li began a new chapter in his life by choosing to be ordained as a monk, and thus began a holistic life dedicated to propagating Buddhism and its code of conduct. After becoming a monk he practised only calligraphy, developing a simple and unadorned, yet unique style, which was treasured by everyone who received a sample. He became known to all as Master Hong Yi. In 1942, Master Hong Yi died peacefully at the age of 63 in Quanzhou, Fujian Province.

........ A write-up of Master Hong Yi in Wiki




I will like to share a series of bottle that was painted by Lu JunHua (卢军华) on Master HongYi..... Below is his write-up of his feeling after he finished the series and my (poor english) translation of his article.

绘制弘一大师这套作品是缘于以前的一件作品词帝李煜,初闻这个消息有些紧张。主要我对弘一大师的生平事迹知之甚少,对他的印象就是一首经典的送别和慈祥又带有些许悲悯的面容。所以这套作品准备了不少时间,从关于大师的书籍和(一轮明月)这部电影以及相关的信息,都一一仔细揣摩。从茫茫然不知所措到逐渐的有了一些眉目,大师的一生经历颇多,从童年到暮年仿佛是绚丽多姿到平静淡然。法师出家之前在美术,音乐,文学,书法,篆刻等诸多领域已取得相当的成就,话剧更有开创性的贡献。入佛之后所表现出来的人格魅力又为世人所敬仰,唯一没有放下的书法更是达到极致,让人们从中体会到了佛学的力量。描绘法师童年是从金刚经里如梦如幻得到启发,亦是法师常常书写的几个字,我想法师对这几个字不是一般的理解了,所以从法师童年便对佛理有一定悟性直至最后出家皈依佛门应该不无道理……当然也是我个人拙见望观者海涵。青年时期我则选的英姿勃发风流倜傥的形象,据史料记载当时的李叔同多才多艺,无论文学造诣,书法篆刻都达到了相当高的成就,不单单是在上海与许幻园等等并称为"天涯五友"还常常去京剧客串,登台唱过黄天霸,白水滩等剧目。后来在日本留学期间不但学习西方油画和现代音乐,并且开创性的把话剧带到国内便不足为奇了,当然我也把李叔同在日本留学时期的爱情画了进去,相信是他五彩人生里不可或缺的一抹颜色。回国后他最令人瞩目的是投身教育事业,在杭州和南京讲授音乐与图画课,第一次把人体模特带上课堂便引起轰动,漫画家丰子恺音乐家刘质平都是在他的得意门生,还帮丰子恺完成护生画集。画到李叔同毅然决然的选择出家,我把整体画面控制在较凄凉无奈中,记得书中和影视作品中有这么种场景,李叔同出家时日本的妻子来找他劝他还俗,最后问他爱是什么?他说,爱,是慈悲!真也好臆造也罢,至少这是我愿意承认的。因为,李叔同还要成为弘一法师呢,法师入佛门后尽心竭力弘扬佛法,念佛不忘救国,认真研习律宗的精髓,各地云游造访名僧,宣讲律宗以戒为师。画到悲欣交集依旧离不开大家所熟悉的法师那满含悲悯的笑容,最后,以经常被人传唱的送别画面收尾,空旷的画面烘托出来的是我对于珍惜各种情感的最后总结,这几件作品的名字都是取自法师所书写过的文字,如梦如幻,勇猛精进,游艺,美育,放下,戒定慧,悲欣交集,相信对法师生平稍稍熟悉的便能明白个中滋味吧。 我知道自己用内画鼻烟壶连环画的形式连法师的生平事迹的十分之一也未表达完善,但是缘于这次创作,无论通过研读关于法师事迹,还是体会法师艺术的发展道路,都无形之中提高自身做人和艺术价值的层次,让人受益匪浅。

卢军华

The opportunity to design and paint a set of inner painted bottles on Master Hong Yi life strories (弘一法师) came from a bottle that I had sold previously, a bottle that depicted the sorrowness of Tang Dynasty last emperor, Emperor Li Yi, after he has lost the country.

Initially, I was nervous about the assignment, this is because I have little knowledge on Master Hong Yi. The only thing that I know about Master Hong Yi is his famous tune: farewell (送别) and a well-known photography of him that show his melancholy and yet benevolent smile.

I took great effort and time to prepare myself for the assignment. I repeatedly watched and studied all the movies, books and articles that I could find on Master Hong Yi. It took me more than 6 months of preparation before  I feel that I have gathered and understand enough of the Master life journey to start designing and painting the bottles.

Master Hong Yi life was filled with extraordinary experiences: His early days are characterized by his talents in many artistic area like music, western oil painting, theatre and drama, Chinese calligraphy and seal carving. Yet, when Master Hong Yi decided to become a monk and practice Buddhism, he became one of the most respected abbot that had brought Buddhism to another height in his era.

The only artistic pursue that Master Hong Yi never let go even when he became a monk is his love of calligraphy. Master Hong Yi’s calligraphy is always recognized as one of the best in Chinese history because of the simplicity and calmness that it portray. Looking at his calligraphic work, the audiences can experience the Zen, simplicity, peaceful yet powerful inner strength of Master Hong Yi achieved through Buddhism.






Master HongYi's Calligraphy and the title of the first painting


Master HongYi's Calligraphy and the title of the 2nd painting on the first bottle


For the first painting for Master Hong Yi’s life, I drew inspiration from the Diamond Sutra characteristic verse: 如梦如幻, meaning life is an illusion and revelry. The Diamond Sutra is Master Hong Yi’s most familiar sutra since young. As a child, Master Hong Yi has already had the ability to decipher the teaching of Buddha much more profoundly compared to most people. 

Through his life journey on calligraphy, Master Hong Yi has always include this four words, 如梦如幻, as part of his work. I believed that the Master must had a more profound understanding of these phrase and words compared to a normal person like me…… as I tried to understand the true meaning of these words with my limited knowledge on the Sutra as a commoner.

For the second side of the first bottle, I choose the handsome and multi-talented image of Li ShuTong as the subject. Li ShuTong is the name of Master HongYi before he became a monk.

At his teen, Li ShuTong was already a well-known name in poetry, calligraphy and seal carving. Li ShuTong is also a member of the 5 talented friends who called themselves the “Friends of the Worlds’ End”. They performed in numerous Chinese opera and the drama houses in various theatre in ShangHai.

Li Shutong talent and interest in art is the driving force for him to further his studies in Japan. Upon his return to China, he became the first person to include nude painting classes in schools and colleges in China. He is also instrumental in introducing western classical music, drama and plays into China.




Li ShuTong's Nude Painting


Li ShuTong performing.... The one dressed as a lady Shocked


Feng ZiKai...... one of the most famous student of Master HongYi


The next bottle started with the love story of Li ShuTong when he was studying in Japan. I thought that his romance with the Japanese lady that eventually became his wife is a chapter that cannot be ignored in his eventful life.

One the other side of the bottle, I draw Li ShuTong with his piano and a backdrop of a class of Chinese students painting with a male nude model. Li ShuTong was instrumental in introducing Western music and Art into China. He is the first to start nude painting as an art class curriculum in famous college and school in HangZhou and Nanking. Although using only male nude model, the act of painting nude in China at that time became a sensation in the art circle in the country.

Li ShuTong tutored a few famous artist and musician of that era, the most famous being the cartoonist Feng ZhiKai and musician Liu ZePing. The famous cartoon series 护生画集, was initially a series of drawing by Feng ZhiKai and short novel by then Master HongYi. After Master HongYi deceased, Feng ZhiKai remain committed to carry on drawing and writing as a memoir for his teacher. The final collection was a compilation of 46 years of work from Feng and Master Hong Yi and is published into 7 books. HuSengHua Zi became an important and representative book that descript the Chinese society in the early to mid of 1990s through Feng’s cartoon drawing and Zen, Buddhism teaching through Master Hong Yi novel.




Photo of Master HongYi when he started his monkhood


Master HongYi's Calligraphy and one of the title of the bottle..... Letting Go


Other work of Art with the same title.... Letting Go


Master HongYi's Calligraphy and the other title of the bottle ...... Wisdom of Buddhism


The Third bottle started with the scene of Li ShuTong deciding to put everything he had achieved behind to go into monkhood. I painted these page in a dreary mood and showing his crying Japanese wife at the backdrop when she found him in the monastery in HangZhou. Li’s wife begged him to go home with her and when all her effort seems fruitless, she asked him the last question…… “What is Love?”Li ShuTong answered her that “Love is benevolence.”

With that said, Li ShuTong never turn back and became Master Hong Yi. He whole heartedly put all his effort into the study and research of the most difficult and strictest sect and teaching of Buddhism. Master Hong Yi travelled around the country to teach in various monastery and became one of the four most famous monk in the Republican time.




The Last Calligraphy Work of Master HongYi before he passed away


Master HongYi passed away peacefully at the monastery


The most familiar and famous portrait of Master Hong Yi must definitely be represented in this series of bottle. This page is also titled 悲欣交集 (a labyrinth of gladness and melancholies), which is the last four word that is written by the Master before he passed away peacefully in the monastery. 

Lastly, I used Li ShuTong most famous song and verse 送别 (farewell) as the theme of the last painting of this series of bottles. The lyric and the painting of two parting friends under the setting sun gave me a fulfilling ending to the different types of emotion and feeling as I walked through this experiences of creating this series of bottle. The titles of all the painting are also carefully selected from various words and phrases that was used by Li ShuTong or Master Hong Yi through his lifetime. I am sure that for those people that are familiar with the life of Master Hong Yi, these simple verse will bring back meaningful, happy and fulfilling memories of him.

I know that my effort will never be adequate to represent even one tenth of Master Hong Yi life time achievement. But I am grateful that I am given this opportunity to embark onto researching, studying, designing and finally painting this series of bottles on Master Hong Yi life stories. The experience has undoubtedly help myself to learn and better my own artistic level and gradation. It’s a humbling, fulfilling and beneficial journey.

Lu JunHua





Master HongYi's Calligraphy

Happy Reading and a Happy New Year

Pin


« Last Edit: January 02, 2017, 07:35:23 am by AntPeople » Report Spam   Logged

五花馬,千金裘。呼兒將出換美酒,與爾同銷萬古愁。

http://www.chinese-snuff-bottle.com

cshapiro
Hero Member
*****
Posts: 590



« Reply #1 on: January 01, 2017, 12:14:58 pm »

Wonderful information! Thanks for sharing Pin
Report Spam   Logged

Cathy
George
Administrator
Hero Member
*****
Gender: Male
Posts: 10547



WWW
« Reply #2 on: January 01, 2017, 07:37:15 pm »

Such an amazing read.

We were just talking the other day about displaying bottles from 24 stories of Filial Piety, Dreams of the West Chamber, etc...

But this group of bottles representing Master Hong Yi life time achievements and story is really special and a unique idea for a group of bottles.

Gives a person a whole new mindset for when considering commissioning bottles.  Really quite fascinating !

This must have taken a lot of time to put together Pin.. Thank you very much and a wonderful read this New Years Day. 
Report Spam   Logged

Joey
Private Boards
Hero Member
***
Gender: Male
Posts: 9035


« Reply #3 on: January 02, 2017, 07:13:01 am »

Dear Pin,

     Truly a wonderful post. Thank you.
Could I suggest a small 'tweaking'? Could you break up the huge blocks of print into maximum 3/4 line paragraphs, separated by a space, to make it less strain on the eyes when reading? Those of us twice your age would appreciate it.  Roll Eyes Grin Wink
Thank you,
Joey
Report Spam   Logged

Joey Silver, collecting snuff bottles since Feb.1970

AntPeople
Private Boards
Hero Member
***
Gender: Male
Posts: 864



WWW
« Reply #4 on: January 02, 2017, 08:38:56 am »

Hi Joey :

Tried to broke it up on those that i translated into more readable block..... Wink

Hi George

I will share my experiences on commissioning bottles...  esp series like this.

First, I agree with everyone that the best bottles that comes out from an artist rarely will be a commissioned bottle.... (and even if you are lucky enough, still impossible that all the bottles in the series are the top bottles of the artist) so, if you are hoping to get the top 10% bottles of an artist .... you have better chance selecting from his new work.

Having said that, I still commission some bottle for mainly 2 reasons :

1) The lesser reason... it's a beneficial experience for me myself. Like this series, I learn a lot more about Master HongYi although I tot I know a lot about him.... I re-learn many things esp from Jun Hua perspective and translating his write-up. I appreciate his Calligraphy even more..... so much so that it changes the way I practice Calligraphy now at home.... so, personally, its very beneficial to myself.

2) The bigger reason probably is for my daughter... I will hope that some bottles can be an educational tool for her.... to learn about the Chinese culture and also her father a little more... Grin..... it will be nice if she will say... “This set of bottle is drawn based on someone my daddy really respect and learned from, that song drawn on the last picture, it's a song I sung with my daddy when I was a toddler..... everyday." rather than every bottle is like.... " This bottle my daddy brought for X dollars 20 years ago and now it's worth XXX"... well, that's really nice too... but not every bottle need to be like that....

Pin
« Last Edit: January 02, 2017, 09:11:00 am by AntPeople » Report Spam   Logged

五花馬,千金裘。呼兒將出換美酒,與爾同銷萬古愁。

http://www.chinese-snuff-bottle.com

George
Administrator
Hero Member
*****
Gender: Male
Posts: 10547



WWW
« Reply #5 on: January 02, 2017, 10:01:28 am »



2) The bigger reason probably is for my daughter... I will hope that some bottles can be an educational tool for her.... to learn about the Chinese culture and also her father a little more... Grin..... it will be nice if she will say... “This set of bottle is drawn based on someone my daddy really respect and learned from, that song drawn on the last picture, it's a song I sung with my daddy when I was a toddler..... everyday." rather than every bottle is like.... " This bottle my daddy brought for X dollars 20 years ago and now it's worth XXX"... well, that's really nice too... but not every bottle need to be like that....

Pin

I have a feeling your daughter will learn much and appreciate your experiences very much from your collecting. I know you think of her often when purchasing many of your bottles..

I should be so lucky that a daughter or grandchild takes such an interest and truly appreciates the art , and possibly follow in my foot steps with similar interest in these little gems..
Report Spam   Logged

Joey
Private Boards
Hero Member
***
Gender: Male
Posts: 9035


« Reply #6 on: January 02, 2017, 05:01:47 pm »

Dear Pin,

    Well done.
Thank you,
Joey
Report Spam   Logged

Joey Silver, collecting snuff bottles since Feb.1970

Pages: [1]
  Print  
 
Jump to:  

Powered by EzPortal